Part 30 of the Companies Act 2006 enables a shareholder in a company whose affairs are being conducted in a manner unfairly prejudicial to his interests as a shareholder to seek relief from the court.
Typically, these cases involve companies with relatively small numbers of shareholders. Those shareholders are usually also directors and may be the only directors of the company.
The shareholders / directors will generally have fallen out with each other. The unfairly prejudicial conduct often takes the form of an exclusion of one shareholder / director by another from the affairs of the company. On other occasions, it arises because of the misappropriation by one shareholder / director of property or funds belonging to the company or of a business opportunity that might have been enjoyed by the company. In other cases it might take the form of wrongful dealings with shares, improper dividends, salary or other payments or other improper conduct of the company’s affairs.
This legislation gives the court very wide powers to control the conduct of the affairs of the company and its shareholders / directors. Such proceedings regularly result in the court ordering that one shareholder / director should purchase the shares of another at a value determined by the court to be fair in the circumstances.
You can access my comprehensive guide to the law in this area at https://commercialchambers.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/Shareholder-Protection-From-Unfairly-Prejudicial-Conduct-Case-and-Statute-Citator-2023.pdf